Plural Publishing produces leading academic, scientific and clinical publications in the fields of speech-language pathology, audiology, and otolaryngology.


A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology

Second Edition
Trici Schraeder
256 pages, Illustrated (B/W), Softcover, 8.5 x 11"
Release Date:



A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology, Second Edition is an excellent resource for instructors of methods courses preparing practicum students for school-based experiences. It is also ideal for the professional speech-language pathologist who is seeking an overview of current issues in school-based services and practical solutions that have worked.

Cutting edge service delivery models are described. The concept of a workload analysis approach to caseload standards in schools is introduced, and implementation strategies are offered. Real-life success stories are shared. Strategies for proactive behavior management, conflict resolution, professional collaboration, conferencing and counseling, cultural competency, writing IEP goals (post IDEA ’04), informal assessment procedures, and creating testing accommodations are offered. Real-life scenarios based on experiences shared by public school speech-language pathologists give the reader concrete examples upon which to scaffold these complex professional concepts. The Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory, included with the text, is a must-have authentic assessment tool in this era of inclusive practices.

Updated and revised to serve as an even better resource, A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology, Second Edition is an essential resource for SLPs who work – or who plan to work – in the school setting.


  • Joneen Lowman, PhD (Bloomsburg University), Doody's Review Service (2008):
    "The organization of the book helps readers understand the concepts. The author addresses topics such as caseload management and behavior management, which are critical issues to speech-language pathologists in the schools. Overall, the information is relevant. The strength of this book is its utility. The author provides numerous examples and appendixes that are directly applicable to the school setting with little effort necessary on the part of clinicians -- they can simply copy and implement. This feature will help new clinicians implement quality practices. [Refers to First Edition]"

List of Illustrations

Chapter 1: Origins of Public School Speech-Language Pathology Programs
Related Vocabulary
The Quiet Revolution
Movement Toward Inclusion
No Child Left Behind Act
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
Successes and Failures
Roles and Responsibilities of Today’s School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Requisite Knowledge for the School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Essential Skills for the School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Dispositions Toward Persons with Disabilities: Considerations in Practice for the
School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Questions for Application and Review 24
References 25

Chapter 2: A Workload Analysis Approach to Caseload Standards in Schools
Related Vocabulary
Caseload and Service Quality: Specific Effects
What Is Caseload?
What Is Workload?
Considerations Regarding Options for Unmet Needs
Twelve Steps to a Workload Analysis
Some Workload Solutions
Success Story: A Workload Analysis Approach Applied to a Weighting System
Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 2–1: Middleton/Cross Plains Area School District Speech-Language Severity Rating Scales

Chapter 3: Assessment, Evaluation, and Individualized Education Programs in Schools
Related Vocabulary
Referral for Evaluation for Special Education and Related Services
The Individualized Education Program Team
Assessment Activities
Evaluation Process
Evaluation Report
Re-Evaluation: General Provisions
The Individualized Education Program
A Historical Prospective: Ongoing Evolution of Individualized Education Programs
Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 3–1: Example IEPs

Chapter 4: Speech-Language Service Delivery Formats Used in Public Schools: Intervention Approaches
Related Vocabulary
Selecting Program Formats
Self-Contained Program Model
Resource Room Model
Consultation Model
Team Teaching Model
Prevention Model
Cooperative Learning Team Model
Teaming for Reading Model
Pull-Out Program Model
Computer-Assisted Learning Model
Telepractice Model
Video Modeling
Multimodal Communication Model
Selecting the Intervention Approach
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 5: Evidence-Based Practice
Related Vocabulary
“Credible Evidence” and “Scientifically Based”: What Do These Terms Mean?
Criteria for Evaluating the Quality of the Reasoning
Ranking the Quality of the Evidence
ASHA Initiative
ASHA Framework for Assessing Levels of Evidence
“Evidence Based” Is More Than Literature Reviews
When Is It Advantageous to Examine Levels of Evidence?
State of the Art
Specific Evidence of What Works in Speech-Language Intervention
Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 5–1: Useful Web-Based Resources

Chapter 6: Problem Behavior Management and Conflict Resolution
Related Vocabulary
Prior, Proper Planning and Proactive Strategies
Creating a Culture of Community
Physical Considerations
Effective Conflict Resolution to Use with Adults
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 7: Cultural Competence in Communication
Related Vocabulary
Interview and Case History
Assessment Tools
New Approaches to Assessment
Culture Considerations Related to Intervention
Cultural Competence Related to Curriculum Content and Intervention
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 8: Conferencing, Counseling, and Creating a Sense of Community
Related Vocabulary
Creating a Positive First Contact
Tips and Techniques for Parent-Teacher Conferences and Individualized
Education Program Meetings
Student Records and Confidentiality
Tips and Techniques for Personal Adjustment Counseling
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 9: Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory (OL-CSI): An Authentic Assessment Approach for School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists
Related Vocabulary
Appendix 9–1: Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory (OL-CSI)


About The Author

Trici Schraeder

Patricia (Trici) Schraeder, MS, CCC-SLP, received her BA and MS degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She completed her Clinical Fellowship for her Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) in a medical setting in 1975-76, worked as a school-based speech-language pathologist for 14 years in Wisconsin public schools, and has held a teaching appointment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison since 1989. Trici is a past Vice President of School Services for the Wisconsin Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Association (WSHA), was a recipient of the WSHA 2002 Outstanding Service Award, was the first Wisconsin State Education Advocacy Leader, has served and/or chaired ASHA committees, received numerous awards for continuing education (ACE) from ASHA, and was awarded the prestigious 2010 ASHA Rolland J. Van Hattum Award for outstanding commitment and contributions to the delivery of speech-language and audiology services in a school setting.

Related Titles

Client Education

Client Education

Edited by: Kryss McKenna, Ph.D., Leigh Tooth, Ph.D.

368 pages, Illustrated (B/W), Softcover, 8.5 x 11"

Appendix 9-1: Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory (OL-CSI) is available online so you may print out copies. Click on the ONLINE CONTENT button, and follow the instructions to create an account. Once registered, click on Add New Content and enter the access code located inside the printed book on the Plural Publishing page that contains the copyright information. Then download or print the Appendix (PDF).