Hearing Science Fundamentals

Second Edition

Norman J. Lass, Jeremy J. Donai

Details: 275 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-328-9

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 11/01/2021

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Hearing Science Fundamentals, Second Edition maintains the straightforward style of the previous edition, introducing the basic concepts in hearing science in an easy-to-understand format. With a wide variety of student-friendly features and instructor resources, this comprehensive textbook facilitates the absorption of technical material by both undergraduate and graduate students.

The text is divided into four clear sections to cover everything from the physics of sound to the anatomy and physiology of the auditory pathway and beyond. The textbook begins by delving into the basics of acoustics and digital signal processing (DSP). In the next section, readers will find full coverage of the basic anatomy and physiology of the auditory mechanism. The third section contains eight chapters on psychoacoustics and how sound is perceived via the auditory pathways. The book wraps up with a brand-new section devoted to pathologies of the auditory mechanisms.

 

New to the Second Edition

  • New coauthor, Jeremy J. Donai, AuD, PhD, brings his extensive clinical and research experience to the concepts discussed

Nine new chapters, including

  • Review of Speech Acoustics (Chapter 2)
  • Digital Signal Processing (Chapter 3)
  • Binaural Processing (Chapter 8)
  • Temporal Processing (Chapter 10)
  • Signal Detection Theory (Chapter 13)
  • Auditory Perception and Hearing Impairment (Chapter 14)
  • Separate and expanded chapters for Pathologies of the Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 9) from first edition.
    • Pathologies of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 15)

    • Pathologies of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 16)

    • Pathologies of the Central Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 17)

  • Clinical Notes intended to bridge the gap from classroom to hearing clinic have been added throughout the text
  • Vocabulary Checks throughout all the chapters
  • Evidence-based information incorporated throughout the text
  • Updated Recommended Readings list
  • Ancillary materials accessible on a PluralPlus companion website: a sample syllabus, test bank, and PowerPoint lecture slides for instructors, and practice quizzes, word-building and anatomy-labelling exercises, audio examples, and overview lecture videos for students

Key Features

  • Learning objectives and key terms at the beginning of each chapter prepare the student for the chapter contents
  • Two-color anatomical and line illustrations aid understanding of important technical concepts
  • Q & A boxes reinforce important information presented in the text
  • A glossary of important terms

Section I. Acoustics

Chapter 1. Basic Acoustics
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Sound​​​​​​

Sinusoidal Motion

Spatial Concepts

Amplitude

Wavelength (λ)

Temporal Concepts

Cycle

Period

Frequency

Phase

Velocity

Frequency/Period Relationship

Frequency/Wavelength Relationship

Sound Propagation and Interference
Complex Sounds
Periodicity vs. Aperiodicity
Resonance
Cavity (Acoustical) Resonance
Frequency Response Curve
Ear Canal Analogy
The Decibel
Computational Perspective
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 2. Review of Speech Acoustics
Helen A. Boyd-Pratt and Jeremy J. Donai

Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Source-Filter Theory and Vocal Tract Anatomy
Acoustic Measures

Fundamental Frequency

Voice Onset Time

Root Mean Square Amplitude

Formants (Spectral Resonances)

Long-Term Average Spectrum (LTAS)

Speech Sound Classification

Consonant Classification

Vowel Classification

Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) and Count-the-Dots Audiogram

SII

Count-the-Dots Audiogram

Ling 6 Sounds Test
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 3. Digital Signal Processing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Amplitude Quantization and Sampling Frequency
Aliasing and Anti-Aliasing Filtering
Windowing

Frequency vs. Time Tradeoff (Frequency Resolution vs Temporal Resolution)

Pre-Emphasis
Digital Hearing Aid Signal Processing

Compression

Directional Microphones and Digital Noise Reduction

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section II.  Structure and Function

Chapter 4. Anatomy and Physiology of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Outer Ear

Auricle (Pinna)

External Auditory Meatus (Outer Ear Canal)

Tympanic Membrane (Eardrum)

Middle Ear

Tympanic Cavity Proper (Tympanum)

Malleus

Incus

Stapes

Middle Ear Muscles

Function of the Conductive Mechanism

Non-Acoustic Function

Acoustic Function

Impedance

Impedance Mismatch

Auditory (Eustachian) Tube

Action of the Middle Ear Muscles
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 5. Anatomy and Physiology of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Inner Ear
Function of the Sensory Mechanism

Mechanical Properties

Active Processes

Cochlear Electrophysiology

Resting Potential

Potentials Seen as Response to Stimulation

Single-Cell Electrical Activity

Phase Locking

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 6. Anatomy and Physiology of the Central Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Afferent Central Auditory Pathway
Interhemispheric Connections
Efferent Central Auditory Pathway
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section III. Psychoacoustics

Chapter 7. Normal Hearing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Stimulus Characteristics

Stimulus Frequency

Stimulus Duration
Stimulus Intensity
Methods of Stimulus Presentation

Earphones

Speakers

Assessment of Auditory Sensitivity

Method of Limits

Method of Adjustment

Method of Constant Stimuli

Listener (Subject) Variables

Age Variation

What Is “Normal Hearing”?
Localization of Sound

Interaural Intensity (Level) Cues for Localization

Interaural Aural Time (Phase) Cues for Localization

Hearing by Bone Conduction
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 8. Binaural Processing
Katharine Fitzharris

Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Advantages of Binaural Hearing

Listening in Noise

Binaural Squelch
Directional Hearing

Localization

Lateralization

Vertical Localization

Minimal Audible Angle (MAA)

Minimal Audible Movement Angle (MAMA)

Distance Perception

Precedence Effect

Disadvantages of Binaural Hearing
Physiology of Binaural Hearing

Afferent Pathways

Efferent Pathways

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 9. Masking
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Masker-Signal Relationship and Sound Level

Masking of Tones by Other Tones

Masking of Tones by Narrow Noise Bands

The Critical Band

Masking of Tones by Wide Noise Bands

Special Cases of Masking

Energetic and Informational Masking

Masking in Clinical Audiology
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 10. Temporal Processing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Neural Physiology 
Temporal Fine Structure and Temporal Envelope

Dip Listening

Modulation Rate and Modulation Depth

Temporal Processing Skills

Temporal Integration

Temporal Resolution

Temporal Patterning

Temporal Masking

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 11. Loudness and Pitch
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Loudness
Pitch

Residue Pitch and the Missing Fundamental

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 12.  Differential Sensitivity
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
The Fechner-Weber Fraction
Difference Limen for Intensity
Difference Limen for Frequency
Discrimination
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 13. Signal Detection Theory
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Response Distributions
Response Types

Sensitivity and Specificity

Response Bias
Discriminability Index (d′) and ROC Curves
Ceiling and Floor Effects
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 14. Auditory Perception and Hearing Impairment
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Outer Hair Cell (OHC) Damage

Auditory Recruitment

Inner Hair Cell (IHC) Damage

Cochlear Dead Regions

Auditory Nerve Damage
Effects on Frequency Selectivity

Auditory Excitation Patterns

Effects on Temporal Processing
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section IV.  Pathologies of the Auditory Mechanisms

Chapter 15. Pathologies of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Pathologies of the Outer Ear

Auricle

Chondritis and Cauliflower Ear

External Auditory Canal

Impacted Cerumen

Pathologies of the Middle Ear

Eustachian Tube (Auditory Tube)

Otitis Media

Mastoiditis

Cholesteatoma

Pathologies of the Middle Ear Ossicles

Otosclerosis

Ossicular Discontinuity

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 16. Pathologies of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Inner Ear Pathologies

Cochlea

Auditory and Non-Auditory Effects of Noise

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Socioacusis and Presbycusis

Meniere’s Disease

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Ototoxicity

Auditory Nerve

Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)

Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 17. Pathologies of the Central Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
(Central) Auditory Processing Definition
Signs and Symptoms
(C)APD Evaluation
Behavioral (Central) Auditory Skill Areas

Auditory Figure Ground

Low-Redundancy Speech

Dichotic Listening

Temporal Processing

Electrophysiological Assessment

Neural Response Overview

Management Strategies

Environmental Modifications

Compensatory Strategies

Auditory Training

Assistive Listening Technology

Pathologies of the Central Auditory Pathway

Traumatic Brain Injury

Cortical/Central Deafness

Cerebrovascular Accident

Multiple Sclerosis

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Glossary
Index

Norman J. Lass

Norman J. Lass, PhD, is Professor of Speech Pathology and Audiology, West Virginia University. After completing his doctorate at Purdue University and a Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Kansas Medical Center, Dr. Lass joined the faculty in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at West Virginia University. His teaching has included graduate-level courses in experimental phonetics and research methods in speech-language pathology and audiology, as well as undergraduate courses in speech science and hearing science. He is the recipient of numerous outstanding teacher awards from student organizations as well as college, university, and professional organizations, including national honoraries and foundations. He has authored/coauthored or edited 23 books, published more than 130 articles in professional journals, and authored/ coauthored more than 300 papers presented at meetings of professional associations. His current research interests are centered on literature descriptions of listener attitudes toward accented English, as well as numerous topics associated with professional issues in communication sciences and disorders. He is a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

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Jeremy J. Donai

Jeremy J. Donai, AuD, PhD, is an Associate Professor and Audiology Program Director at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC).  Dr. Donai also serves as the Director of the Auditory Perception Lab at TTUHSC.  Over his career, Dr. Donai has had significant clinical, teaching, and research experience at multiple universities.  His research involves the study of high-frequency speech energy.

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Third Edition

Teri A. Hamill, Lloyd L. Price

Details: 637 pages, B&W, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-363-8

© 2019 | Available

Preclinical Speech Science: Anatomy, Physiology, Acoustics, and Perception

Third Edition

Thomas J. Hixon, Gary Weismer, Jeannette D. Hoit

Details: 728 pages, Full Color, Hardcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-061-5

© 2020 | Available

Psychoacoustics: Perception of Normal and Impaired Hearing with Audiology Applications

First Edition

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Details: 238 pages, B&W, Softcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-989-7

© 2020 | Available

Introduction to Sound: Acoustics for the Hearing and Speech Sciences

Fourth Edition

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Details: 448 pages, 2-Color, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-349-2

© 2018 | Available

Basic Fundamentals in Hearing Science

First Edition

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Details: 704 pages, B&W, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-549-3

© 2016 | Available

Speech and Voice Science

Fourth Edition

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Details: 517 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-322-7

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 06/25/2021

Audiology: Science to Practice

Fourth Edition

Steven Kramer, David K. Brown

Details: 475 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-346-3

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 11/01/2021

Audiology Workbook

Fourth Edition

Steven Kramer, David K. Brown

Details: 360 pages, B&W, Spiral Bound, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-348-7

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 11/01/2021