Hearing Science Fundamentals

Second Edition

Norman J. Lass, Jeremy J. Donai

Details: 370 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-328-9

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 10/15/2021

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Hearing Science Fundamentals, Second Edition maintains the straightforward style of the previous edition, introducing the basic concepts in hearing science in an easy-to-understand format. With a wide variety of student-friendly features and instructor resources, this comprehensive textbook facilitates the absorption of technical material by both undergraduate and graduate students. The text is divided into four clear sections to cover everything from the physics of sound to the anatomy and physiology of the auditory pathway and beyond. The textbook begins by delving into the basics of acoustics and digital signal processing (DSP). In the next section, readers will find full coverage of the basic anatomy and physiology of the auditory mechanism. The third section contains eight chapters on psychoacoustics and how sound is perceived via the auditory pathways. The book wraps up with a brand-new section devoted to pathologies of the auditory mechanisms.

New to the Second Edition

  • New coauthor, Jeremy J. Donai, AuD, PhD, brings his extensive clinical and research experience to the concepts discussed
  • Nine new chapters, including:
    • Review of Speech Acoustics (Chapter 2)
    • Digital Signal Processing (Chapter 3)
    • Binaural Processing (Chapter 8)
    • Temporal Processing (Chapter 10)
    • Signal Detection Theory (Chapter 13)
    • Auditory Perception and Hearing Impairment (Chapter 14)
    • Separate and expanded chapters for Pathologies of the Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 9) from first edition.
      • Pathologies of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 15)
      • Pathologies of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 16)
      • Pathologies of the Central Auditory Mechanism (Chapter 17)
  • Clinical Notes and Vocabulary Checks features have been added through the text
  • Evidence-based information incorporated throughout the text
  • Updated Recommended Readings list
  • Ancillary materials accessible on a PluralPlus companion website: a sample syllabus, test bank, and PowerPoint lecture slides for instructors, as well as practice quizzes, anatomy-labelling exercises, audio examples, and overview lecture videos for students

Key Features

  • Learning Objectives and Key Terms at the beginning of each chapter prepare the student for the chapter contents
  • Two-color anatomical and line illustrations aid understanding of important technical concepts
  • Q & A boxes reinforce important information presented in the text
  • A Glossary of important terms

Preface
Acknowledgements
Contributors
Reviewers

Section I. Acoustics

Chapter 1. Basic Acoustics
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Sound​​​​​​

Sinusoidal Motion

Spatial Concepts

Amplitude
Wavelength (λ)

Temporal Concepts

Cycle
Period
Frequency
Phase
Velocity
Frequency/Period Relationship
Frequency/Wavelength Relationship

Sound Propagation and Interference
Complex Sounds
Periodicity Versus Aperiodicity
Resonance
Cavity (Acoustical) Resonance
Frequency Response Curve
Ear Canal Analogy
The Decibel
Computational Perspective

Hearing Threshold Level and Audiometric Zero (0 dB HL)

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 2. Review of Speech Acoustics
Helen A. Boyd-Pratt and Jeremy J. Donai

Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Source-Filter Theory and Vocal Tract Anatomy
Acoustic Measures

Fundamental Frequency
Voice Onset Time
Root Mean Square Amplitude
Formants (Spectral Resonances)
Long-Term Average Spectrum (LTAS)

Speech Sound Classification

Consonant Classification
Vowel Classification

Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) and Count-the-Dots Audiogram

SII
Count-the-Dots Audiogram

Ling 6 Sounds Test
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 3. Digital Signal Processing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Amplitude Quantization and Sampling Frequency
Aliasing and Anti-Aliasing Filtering
Windowing

Frequency Versus Time Tradeoff (Frequency Resolution Versus Temporal Resolution)

Pre-Emphasis
Digital Hearing Aid Signal Processing

Compression
Directional Microphones and Digital Noise Reduction

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section II.  Structure and Function

Chapter 4. Anatomy and Physiology of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Outer Ear

Auricle (Pinna)
External Auditory Meatus (Outer Ear Canal)
Tympanic Membrane (Eardrum)

Middle Ear

Tympanic Cavity Proper (Tympanum)
Malleus
Incus
Stapes
Middle Ear Muscles

Function of the Conductive Mechanism

Non-Acoustic Function
Acoustic Function
Impedance
Impedance Mismatch
Auditory (Eustachian) Tube

Action of the Middle Ear Muscles
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 5. Anatomy and Physiology of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Inner Ear
Function of the Sensory Mechanism

Mechanical Properties
Active Processes
Cochlear Electrophysiology
Resting Potential
Potentials Seen as Response to Stimulation
Single-Cell Electrical Activity
Phase Locking

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 6. Anatomy and Physiology of the Central Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Afferent Central Auditory Pathway
Interhemispheric Connections
Efferent Central Auditory Pathway
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section III. Psychoacoustics

Chapter 7. Normal Hearing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Stimulus Characteristics

Stimulus Frequency

Stimulus Duration
Stimulus Intensity
Methods of Stimulus Presentation

Earphones
Speakers

Assessment of Auditory Sensitivity

Method of Limits
Method of Adjustment
Method of Constant Stimuli

Listener (Subject) Variables

Age Variation

What Is “Normal Hearing”?
Localization of Sound

Interaural Intensity (Level) Cues for Localization
Interaural Aural Time (Phase) Cues for Localization

Hearing by Bone Conduction
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 8. Binaural Processing
Katharine Fitzharris

Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Advantages of Binaural Hearing

Listening in Noise

Binaural Squelch
Directional Hearing

Localization
Lateralization
Vertical Localization
Minimal Audible Angle (MAA)
Minimal Audible Movement Angle (MAMA)
Distance Perception
Precedence Effect

Disadvantages of Binaural Hearing
Physiology of Binaural Hearing

Afferent Pathways
Efferent Pathways

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 9. Masking
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Masker-Signal Relationship and Sound Level

Masking of Tones by Other Tones
Masking of Tones by Narrow Noise Bands

The Critical Band

Masking of Tones by Wide Noise Bands

Special Cases of Masking

Energetic and Informational Masking

Masking in Clinical Audiology
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 10. Temporal Processing
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Neural Physiology 
Temporal Fine Structure and Temporal Envelope

Dip Listening
Modulation Rate and Modulation Depth

Temporal Processing Skills

Temporal Integration
Temporal Resolution
Temporal Patterning
Temporal Masking

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 11. Loudness and Pitch
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Loudness
Pitch

Residue Pitch and the Missing Fundamental

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 12.  Differential Sensitivity
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
The Fechner-Weber Fraction
Difference Limen for Intensity
Difference Limen for Frequency
Discrimination
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 13. Signal Detection Theory
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Response Distributions
Response Types

Sensitivity and Specificity

Response Bias
Discriminability Index (d′) and ROC Curves
Ceiling and Floor Effects
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 14. Auditory Perception and Hearing Impairment
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Outer Hair Cell (OHC) Damage

Auditory Recruitment

Inner Hair Cell (IHC) Damage

Cochlear Dead Regions

Auditory Nerve Damage
Effects on Frequency Selectivity

Auditory Excitation Patterns

Effects on Temporal Processing
Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Section IV.  Pathologies of the Auditory Mechanisms

Chapter 15. Pathologies of the Conductive Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Pathologies of the Outer Ear

Auricle
Chondritis and Cauliflower Ear
External Auditory Canal
Impacted Cerumen

Pathologies of the Middle Ear

Eustachian Tube (Auditory Tube)
Otitis Media
Mastoiditis
Cholesteatoma

Pathologies of the Middle Ear Ossicles

Otosclerosis
Ossicular Discontinuity

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 16. Pathologies of the Sensory Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
Inner Ear Pathologies

Cochlea
Auditory and Non-Auditory Effects of Noise
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Socioacusis and Presbycusis
Meniere’s Disease
Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Ototoxicity

Auditory Nerve

Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)
Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Chapter 17. Pathologies of the Central Auditory Mechanism
Key Terms
Learning Objectives
(Central) Auditory Processing Definition
Signs and Symptoms
(C)APD Evaluation
Behavioral (Central) Auditory Skill Areas

Auditory Figure Ground
Low-Redundancy Speech
Dichotic Listening
Temporal Processing

Electrophysiological Assessment

Neural Response Overview

Management Strategies

Environmental Modifications
Compensatory Strategies
Auditory Training
Assistive Listening Technology

Pathologies of the Central Auditory Pathway

Traumatic Brain Injury
Cortical/Central Deafness
Cerebrovascular Accident
Multiple Sclerosis

Summary
Recommended Readings
References

Glossary
Index

Norman J. Lass

Norman J. Lass, PhD, is Professor Emeritus at West Virginia University in Morgantown, WV. Dr. Lass was a faculty member for more htan 40 years and taught coureses in speech and hearing science throughout his time at West Virginia University. 

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Jeremy J. Donai

Jeremy J. Donai, AuD, PhD, is an Associate Professor and Audiology Program Director at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC).  Dr. Donai also serves as the Director of the Auditory Perception Lab at TTUHSC.  Over his career, Dr. Donai has had significant clinical, teaching, and research experience at multiple universities.  His research involves the study of high-frequency speech energy.

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Details: 637 pages, B&W, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-363-8

© 2019 | Available

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Third Edition

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Details: 424 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-335-5

© 2019 | Available

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Details: 332 pages, B&W, Spiral Bound, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-969-9

© 2019 | Available

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Second Edition

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Details: 487 pages, Full Color, Hardcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-300-3

© 2020 | Available

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Third Edition

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Details: 728 pages, Full Color, Hardcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-061-5

© 2020 | Available

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First Edition

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Details: 238 pages, B&W, Softcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-989-7

© 2020 | Available

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Fourth Edition

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Details: 448 pages, 2-Color, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-94488-349-2

© 2018 | Available

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380 pages, B&W, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

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Details: 380 pages, B&W, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-652-0

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First Edition

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Details: 704 pages, B&W, Hardcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-549-3

© 2016 | Available

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Fourth Edition

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Details: 517 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-322-7

© 2023 | Available

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Fourth Edition

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Details: 475 pages, 2-Color, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-346-3

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 11/01/2021

Audiology Workbook

Fourth Edition

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Details: 360 pages, B&W, Spiral Bound, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-348-7

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 11/01/2021