Listening and Spoken Language Therapy for Children With Hearing Loss: A Practical Auditory-Based Guide

First Edition

Sylvia Rotfleisch, Maura Martindale

Details: 310 pages, Full Color, Softcover, 7" x 10"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-387-6

© 2023 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 12/07/2021

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Listening and Spoken Language Therapy for Children With Hearing Loss: A Practical Auditory-Based Guide is a well-organized and practical textbook based on a proven spoken language, speech, and listening model for teaching children with hearing loss. Supported by decades of research and experience, the stage-based model is presented with clear steps for intervention. Written in easy-to-understand language, this textbook is accessible to university students who are new to the field of hearing loss, as well as to new and experienced professionals. It is a highly applicable tool for providing auditory-based therapy which supports professionals to empower parents and caregivers.  

The stages emphasized in this textbook are developmental in nature, starting with the prelinguistic level and ending with advanced communication. Unlike the traditional age approach, this unique system can address any child regardless of age intervention. Operating based on the understanding that language is acquired through meaningful social interaction, the “stages not ages” system can be used for late starters, English learners, and children with additional disabilities.

Key Features

  • A color-coding system for the model and a consistent presentation of content and tables provide clarity and a streamlined experience
  • A comprehensive case study for each stage puts the approach into context
  • Easy-to-use resources, in the form of tables and handouts for parents, give professionals ready-made tools for working with families
  • Explanations of proven strategies, including speech acoustics applications, Rainbow audiogram, e=mc2, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) theory, cookie dough theory, three-act play, and the dangling carrot
  • A deep conversation about the role of culture provides a uniting thread throughout the text
  • A PluralPlus companion website with PowerPoint lecture slides and exams for instructors and videos, handouts, learning activities, and discussion questions for students and professionals

Reviews

"The text gives clear insights on discerning a child’s current listening and spoken language abilities according to benchmarks and offers a research-based toolset to facilitate ongoing progress. While focus is kept on empowering parents to implement intervention objectives for their child to acquire hierarchical skills, the context stays true to the family’s culture and daily lifestyle.   ...Impressive work!  Very relevant—there isn’t a textbook with this “angle” available in the field. It’s a great resource!​​"
—Nicole Jacobson, MS, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVEd, Director of Sound Beginnings, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Disorders and Deaf Education, Utah State University

"I like how the topics are organized. They do not go off in tangents. The authors don’t just present information, they teach the material with many examples and supports. ...The book is comprehensive from background theoretical knowledge to application. Parents are often neglected when teaching therapy, and the authors have a whole chapter. This is essential as the parents must become the therapist for maximum effectiveness. ...The book is chock full of information presented in novel ways. The authors can take a difficult topic and teach it through examples and supporting graphics. The book is a bridge between multidisciplines (audiology, speech science, and education). Additionally, the book seamlessly incorporates cultural considerations. This is unique to most textbooks on this topic."
—Susan Dillmuth-Miller, AuD, CCC-A, Associate Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders, East Stroudsburg University

"The biggest strength is that the text very clearly guides readers through the different levels of speech, language and listening development. The stages are clearly outlined and the authors give readers the information they need to match up assessment data, stages of development, and goals and objectives.  It provides a seamless continuum of assessment/goals/therapy techniques that makes it very user-friendly and practical. The case studies and discussion questions are also big strengths."
—Michelle A. Veyvoda, PhD, CCC-SLP, Assistant Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders Department, Iona College

"The authors do a great job of explaining the emphasis/use of LSL strategies throughout stages. I personally like the idea that they promote ‘stages not ages’ as I feel this is so critical for parents to understand. I also like how they emphasize using ‘Activities of Daily Living’ in which to immerse language strategies. I feel that there is also a theme of collaboration between professionals and family members that is woven throughout. ...This book would be a useful and wonderful tool for professionals implementing therapy/instruction for children who are deaf, as well as working with their respective families. It contains many helpful resources (websites, graphs, charts, visuals) that would help in planning. Additionally, it includes explanations of appropriate assessments and strategies. I like how it describes all stages. Many of the texts I have read or used focus on early intervention and this text goes beyond."
—Paula Gross, MA, CED, ABD, Instructor/Undergraduate Deaf Education Program Director, Communication Disorders and Deaf Education Department, Fontbonne University

"This text is essential and needs to be on the shelves. The length and scope that the authors have attempted to cover demonstrate the breadth of effort and considerations that those working with children who are DHH using spoken language must understand to provide appropriate therapies. As a professional in the field working with graduate scholars, I was most excited when I read the first chapter as it covers complex information hitherto presented in hard-to-understand outdated texts. Keep and expand the info that builds understanding of – access, interruptions in access – auditory development – discrim, memory, aud feedback etc, - speech acoustics – what the errors mean – how to address them. The case studies are relevant and provide for good practice and discussion."
—Bridget Scott-Weich, EdD, LSLS Cert. AVEd, Director of Graduate Programs and Administration, Mount Saint Mary’s University/John Tracy Center

"Multiple examples are given and then referenced throughout the text to help clarify and reference terminology.  I really liked the charts (e.g., Interpretation of the 6 Ling Test) which summarized information in a way I haven’t seen before.  I wholeheartedly agree with the “General Tips for the Sessions” as these are ideal for new clinicians and a great reminder for seasoned clinicians all listed out for review.  In addition to this, I found many strategies discussed could be helpful for all clinicians working with children who have speech and language challenges.  I also appreciate how the authors provided examples of how to use games and activities at the various stages."
Cindy Sendor, MA, CCC-SLP, Assistant Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders, California Baptist University

"The content is accurate, relevant and up-to-date. I like that there are websites provided throughout. ...The text provides preservice teachers with a lot of useable information that they can take into the classroom with them and use with D/HH students. It doesn’t only provide the philosophies and the theories. Preservice teachers will have an understanding of why and how to help D/HH achieve their listening and spoken language goals. They will be able to share this information with their colleagues and families. The book fills a need in the field for deaf educators providing them with a textbook related to listening and spoken language therapy specifically for children with a hearing loss."
Raschelle Neild, PhD, Associate Professor of Special Education and Deaf Education, Ball State University

"This book’s greatest strength is the stages/not ages concept. It embraces the concept of a growth mindset for the practitioner as well as for the learners.  By encouraging all to look at the child’s present level of function and plan forward, the constructivist model is embraced.  Beginning with the end in mind allows all to focus on progress. ...This book provides highly valuable and actionable information for practitioners across multiple disciplines.  Evidence-based practices are highlighted and presented with the rationale for their application.  Color-coded chapters on therapy techniques deliver strategies and methodologies that can be deployed by preservice educators and seasoned professionals across multiple disciplines.  Meaningful information can also be accessed by families who seek to understand the teaching strategies best utilized for their children."
Marguerite Vasconcellos, Ed.D., LSLS Cert. AVT, Adjunct Instructor, Department of Special Education, Language and Literacy, The College of New Jersey

"This book is a much needed, practical guide to organizing and implementing listening and spoken language sessions. The pages are packed with goals, activities, and case studies that will guide you to support every child on your caseload. And finally, a book to tame the sometimes-confusing concepts of speech acoustics! ...This book is a wonderful contribution to our field."
—Jennifer B Boyd MA, CCC-SLP, LSLS, Cert. AVT

"Listening and Spoken Language Therapy for Children with Hearing Loss: A Practical Auditory-Based Guide is a wonderful resource for students and therapists pursuing a thorough knowledge of listening and spoken language therapy. This text comprises a review of speech acoustics, hearing loss, and application of speech and hearing science to encourage the best listening outcomes for clients. The focus of fostering development of stages rather than specific age requirements is refreshing and facilitates application across multiple disabilities and growth levels. Family centered intervention with a therapist coaching model is explained with multiple examples and scenarios to facilitate how therapy sessions may be carried out. The graphics, tables, and lists are user friendly and great resources to discuss and share with families."  
Joanna L. Stith, PhD, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVT, Owner of Listening for Life

"This book is great “go-to” resource for the beginning or seasoned AV Therapist or SLP working with children with a hearing loss.  All of the resources you need are now combined into one working document.  The case studies and examples within the book are great.  They allow the clinician to get a better idea of what a therapy session would entail and common concerns to look for in regards to access to sounds.  It is a wonderful opportunity to put the theory that was covered into practice. The book is excellent and very comprehensive."
—Jennifer Wickesberg-Summers, AuD, CCC-A, LSLS Cert. AVT, Director of Audiology, Texas Hearing Institute

"The book's organization follows a sequence to the development of skills necessary for students. The strengths of this book are its usability and use of adult learning strategies to example complex concepts. The material is integrated and the coverage is complete."
—Sarah Law, M.Ed., Clincal Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Disorders and Deaf Education, Utah State University

Introduction
Acknowledgements

Reviewers

Chapter 1. Speech Acoustics: The Gold at the End of the Rainbow Audiogram
Sylvia Rotfleisch

Why Do We Need to Understand Speech Acoustics?
Section I. Basics of Sound
Key Points
Basics of Sound
Audiogram
A Sound Basis Through Application

Hearing Loss and Detection
Modifying the Signal
Ear Shot/Speech Bubble
Background Noise and Noise Clutter
Audible Versus Intelligible
The 6-dB Significance
The 6-dB Rule

Sounds of Speech

         The Basics
         Applications

Discussion Questions
Section II. Speech Features
Key Points
Speech Features and Acoustic Correlates

The Basics

The Applications Related to Speech Features

Suprasegmentals, Vowels and Diphthongs
Consonants

Discussion Questions
Section III. Speech Acoustic Tools and Applications
Key Points
Ling Six-Sound Test

Purpose and Administration
Applications of the Ling Six Sounds
Interpretation of the Ling Six Sounds

The Rainbow Audiogram

Applications of the Rainbow Audiogram

Functional Audiogram
Error Analysis to Determine Perception and Error Patterns
Case Study Application of Speech Acoustic Tools
Speech Acoustics and Hearing Loss Configurations
Speech Acoustics and the Impact on Speech Production
Speech Acoustics and Language Development

Case Study Application of Speech Acoustics for Speech and Language Development

The Gold at the End of the Rainbow Audiogram: Applications for Speech Acoustics
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 2. Guiding and Supporting Parents/Caregivers.
Key Points
Why are Parents Included in Auditory Sessions?
Getting Started - Planning
Emotional Supports for Families
Teaching Parents and Caregivers: Why Are They Part of Every Session?
Family Life: Activities of Daily Living (ADL) as the FOundation of Every Session
Engaging Families in Sessions

        Cultural Considerations
        Screen Time

Speech Acoustics and Parents
Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 3. Stages Not Ages Model
Sylvia Rotfleisch and Maura Martindale

Key Points
Stages/Sequence of Development (Flow Chart)
Determining Child’s Level
Expectations for Growth
Brain Functions of Audition

Auditory Processes

Typical Development

         Language
         Speech

Theory of Mind
Self-Advocacy
Higher-Order Thinking
Summary
Discussion Questions
Cases

        Case 1
        Case 2
        Case 3

References

Chapter 4. Assessment of English Language, Speech and Listening
Maura Martindale

Key Points
Terms and Definitions
General Tips for Assessment of Children
Formal, Standardized Tests for Assessment
Checklists, Observations, and Questionnaires
Brain Functions for Listening and Spoken Language
Assessing Spoken Language   

        Spoken Vocabulary/Semantics
        Language Sampling
        Mean Length of Utterance (MLU)
        Pragmatic Functions

Speech Assessment (Phonetic and Phonologic) 
How to Align Assessment Data with the Proposed Therapy Model     

        Prelinguistic Stage
        Single-Word Stage 
        Emerging Word Combinations Stage 
        Communication with Childlike Errors Stage
        Competent Communicator Stage 
        Advanced Communicator Stage

Reporting Your Findings
Goal Setting Based on Data Gathered and Analyzed
Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 5. Therapy Basics
Sylvia Rotfleisch and Maura Martindale

Key Points
What Should Therapy Look Like? Fun!
The Chocolate Chip Cookie Theory
General Tips for the Sessions
Tools, Strategies, Building Materials

        Turn Taking or Serve and Return
        Infant- and Child-Directed Speech (IDS, CDS)
        Narrating
        The Expectant Pause
        Waiting, Waiting, and Sometimes ... More Waiting ...
        Blah Blah, Blah Ginger
        Joint Attention
        Auditory Closure
        Auditory Sandwich
        Listening Hoop
        Enhancing Perception
        Acoustic Highlighting
        Life in Slow Motion
        The Three-Act Play
        Expansion
        Upping the Ante

Vocabulary Expansion
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 6. Prelinguistic Stage
Sylvia Rotfleisch
Key Points
Basic Characteristics at the Prelinguistic Stage

        Listening
        Language
        Speech

Goals for the Prelinguistic Stage

Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan by Addressing Strengths and Aread of Need
Typical Goals for the Prelinguistic Stage
How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals

Auditory Attention, Detection, Memory and Discrimination
Auditory Feedback and Development of the Speech
     Production System; Auditory Retrieval and Expressive Communication
Language Comprehension Development of Auditory Recognition, Sequencing, and Comprehension

Putting It All Together: Case History

Auditory Processes for Using Sound Meaningfully
Auditory Processes for Learning to Talk
Auditory Processes for Leaning Language
The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 7. Single-Word Communication Stage
Sylvia Rotfleisch

Key Points
Basic Characteristics at the Single-Word Stage of Communication

Listening
Language
Speech

Goals for the Single-Word Stage

Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan By Addressing Strengths and Areas of Need
Typical Goals for the Single-Word Communication Stage
How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals

Auditory Attention, Detection, Memory, Discrimination, Auditory Recognition, Sequencing, and Comprehension
Auditory Feedback and Speech Production Development of the Speech Production System, Auditory Retrieval, and Expressive Communication 

Putting It All Together: Case History

         Auditory Process for Using Sound Meaningfully
         Auditory Process for Learning to Talk
         Auditory Process for Learning Language
         The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 8. Emerging Word Combinations Stage.
Sylvia Rotfleisch

Key Points
Basic Characteristics of the Child With Emerging Words Combinations

         Listening
         Language
         Speech

Goals for the Emerging Words Combinations Stage

         Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan by Addressing Strengths and Areas of                 Need
         Typical Goals for the Emerging Word Combinations Stage
         How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals 

Auditory Attention, Detection, Memory, Discrimination, Auditory Recognition, Sequencing, and Comprehension
Targeting and Meeting Goals for Development of the Speech Production System: Auditory Retrieval and Expressive Communication 

Putting It All Together: Case History

Auditory Process for Using Sound Meaningfully
Auditory Process for Learning to Talk
Auditory Process for Learning Language
The Intervention Session
Summary 
The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 9. Communication with Typical Childlike Errors Stage
Sylvia Rotfleisch

Key Points
Basic Characteristics at the Communication with Errors Stage

         Listening
         Language
         Speech

Goals for the Stage of Communication with Errors

        Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan by Addressing Strengths and Areas of                Need
        Typical Goals for the Communication with Errors Stage
        How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals

Auditory attention, Detection, Memory, Discrimination, Auditory Recognition, Sequencing, and Comprehension

Auditory Feedback and Expressive Communication 
Putting It All Together: Case History

Auditory Process for Using Sound Meaningfully
Auditory Process for Learning to Talk
Auditory Process for Learning Language
Diagnostic Therapy and Informal Assessment
Progress in AVT Sessions
Summary
The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 10. Competent Communicator Stage
Key Points
Basic Characteristics of a Competent Communicator Stage

  Listening
  Language
  Speech

Goals for the Competent Communicator Stage

           Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan by Addressing Strengths and Areas of                 Need
           Typical Goals for the Stage Competent Communicator
           How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals

Auditory Attention, Detection, Memory, Discrimination, Auditory Recognition, Sequencing, and Comprehension
Auditory Retrieval and Expressive Communication 

Putting It All Together: Case History

         Auditory Process for Using Sound Meaningfully
         Auditory Process for Learning to Talk
         Auditory Process for Learning Language
         Summary
         The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Chapter 11. Advanced Communicator Stage
Sylvia Rotfleisch

Key Points
Basic Characteristics of an Advanced Communicator Stage

Listening
Language
Speech

Goals for the Advanced Communicator

         Developing an Appropriate Therapy Plan by Addressing Strengths and Areas of                 Need
         Typical Goals for the Advanced Communicator Stage
         How Do We Work on These Goals?

Targeting and Incorporating Goals

         Auditory Attention, Selection, Memory, Discrimination, Auditory Recognition,                     Sequencing, and Comprehension
         Auditory Retrieval and Expressive Communication 

Putting It All Together: Case History

Auditory Process for Using Sound Meaningfully
Auditory Process for Learning to Talk
Auditory Process for Learning Language
Summary
Progress Over Time With Intervention
The Intervention Session

Summary
Discussion Questions
References

Index

Sylvia Rotfleisch

Sylvia Rotfleisch, MSc(A), CCC/A, BSc(OT), LSLS Cert, AVT, is a certified Auditory-Verbal therapist, educator, and audiologist. She has devoted her career to providing therapy to families with children with hearing loss and teaching and mentoring other professionals. Trained at McGill University with Dr. Daniel Ling, Ms. Rotfleisch worked at Montreal Oral School for the Deaf, House Ear Institute, and Echo Horizon School before starting Hear to Talk (hear2talk.com), her own private practice. In addition to working with hundreds of families over more than 35 years, Ms. Rotfleisch has taught at University of Southern California, California Lutheran University, and led international master classes. She lectures, consults and mentors for school districts, helping to update their professional staff and mentors for LSLS certification.  She has presented at a wide variety of workshops and conferences. Ms. Rotfleisch has also served a variety of committees, including for AG Bell Academy for Listening and Spoken Language® and the task Force on Principles of Auditory-Verbal Therapy.

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Maura Martindale

Maura Martindale, EdD, LSL Cert. AVEd, is a certified Auditory Verbal Educator. She received her doctorate in Educational Leadership from the University of Southern California in 1999. She is the founder and director of the Master’s Degree of Science in the Education of the Deaf and Credential Program, and is an Associate Professor, at California Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks, California. She has provided guidance and support to families of children with hearing loss in listening and spoken language at No Limits for Deaf Children centers in Southern California for over 15 years. Throughout her 40-plus years teaching at numerous universities, Dr. Martindale has prepared hundreds of teachers of the deaf for schools and programs throughout the US. She was a teacher and Director of Educational Services at the John Tracy Clinic in Los Angeles California for 26 years.

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