A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology

Fifth Edition

Trici Schraeder, Courtney Seidel

Details: 320 pages, B&W, Softcover, 8.5" x 11"

ISBN13: 978-1-63550-670-9

© 2026 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 10/22/2024

For Instructors

Request Exam Copy


Available for purchase starting 09/24/2024

Print Book: $109.95
eBook: $109.95

A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology, Fifth Edition serves as a must read for school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs), college instructors, and students-in-training. The text begins by providing a brief history of school-based SLP services. The foundations of school services are highlighted, including the legal mandates set forth in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA); Every Student Succeeds Act, Americans with Disabilities Act; and landmark court cases that have influenced school services – such as the 2023 Midthun-Hensen & Hensen v. GHC court ruling regarding evidence-based practices. Pedagogical features include related vocabulary at the beginning of each chapter to promote equity in comprehension,  end of chapter summaries with guiding questions to reinforce important information, facilitate class discussions, and enhance understanding, concrete, real-life success stories from public school SLPs, and links to useful strategies, materials, and resources.

This comprehensive textbook addresses issues paramount to school-based SLPs:

  • Options to expand and diversify service delivery models
  • Step-by-step instructions to implement a workload analysis
  • Examples of IEP goals that support flexible scheduling and workload solutions
  • Tables that describe evidence-based practices and provide links to the supportive research
  • Template for writing IEP goals that align with IDEA mandates
  • Methods for assessing multilingual language learners including dynamic, authentic, and criterion-referenced tools
  • Guidance for implementing proactive behavior management, conflict resolution, professional collaboration, conferencing and counseling and cultural competencies
  • Evidence bases that link language, literacy, and the achievement of school standards

New to the Fifth Edition:

  • New content regarding COVID-19 impacts and the expansion of telepractice
  • Current references throughout that reflect state-of-the-art research
  • Updated evidence-based content for practices in the areas of:
    • articulation and phonology

    • language and literacy

    • voice, feeding, and swallowing

    • augmentative and alternative communication

    • social and cognitive aspects of communication

    • hearing habilitation

    • general clinical strategies

  • Modernized use of pronouns and terms that reflect our diverse society
  • Scenarios that promote reflection of neurodiverse practices
  • Digital resources including contemporary apps and video modeling

PluralPlus Online Ancillary Materials

For Instructors: PowerPoint slides and test bank

For Students: Downloadable forms, checklists, and user-friendly tools

List of Tables and Figures

About the Authors


Chapter 1. Origin, Progress, and Development of School Services
Related Vocabulary
The Quiet Revolution
Movement Toward Inclusion
No Child Left Behind Act

Increased Flexibility and Local Control
Parental Choice
Highly Qualified Teachers
Evidence-Based Practice
Changes to No Child Left Behind Act
No Child Left Behind Act Becomes Elementary and Secondary Education Act Once Again
ESEA Offers New Flexibilities

Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act

Paperwork Reduction
Qualified Provider
Early Intervention
Research and Development

Successes and Failures
Roles and Responsibilities of Today’s School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist

Development of Goals for Individualized Education
Caseload Management
Leadership and Advocacy

Requisite Knowledge for the School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Essential Skills for the School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Dispositions Toward Persons with Disabilities: Considerations in Practice for the School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 2. A Workload Analysis Approach to Caseload Standards in Schools
Related Vocabulary
Caseload and Service Quality: Specific Effects

Limitation of Service Delivery Options
Roadblock to Professional Activities to Meet Student Needs
Negative Impact on Students’ Progress
Burnout and Attrition of School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists
Inhibition of Compliance With the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act 2004 and the Mandate for Free Appropriate Public Education

What Is Caseload?
What Is Workload?

Direct Services
Indirect Services That Support Educational Services
Indirect Services That Support the Mandate of Least Restrictive Environment
Activities That Support Compliance With Laws

Considerations Regarding Options for Unmet Needs
Twelve Steps to a Workload Analysis

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Step 7
Step 8
Step 9
Step 10
Step 11
Step 12

Some Workload Solutions

Service Delivery Options

3:1 Model
Supportive Teaching
Complementary Teaching
Team Teaching
Resource Room
Diagnostic Speech-Language Pathology Services
Speech Club
Teaming for Reading Instruction

Administrative Options

Early Release Day
Program Support Teachers
Diversified Roles

Contract Options

Workload Week
Compensation Language
Weighted Formula

Success Story: A Workload Analysis Approach Applied to a Weighting System
How to Advocate
Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 2–A. Middleton/Cross Plains Area School District Speech-Language Severity Rating Scales

Chapter 3. Assessment, Evaluation, and Individualized Education Programs in Schools
Related Vocabulary
Referral for Evaluation for Special Education and Related Services
The Individualized Education Program Team
Assessment Activities
Evaluation Process
Evaluation Report
Re-evaluation: General Provisions
The Individualized Education Program
A Historical Prospective: Ongoing Evolution of Individualized Education Programs
Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 3–A. Example IEPs
Appendix 3–B. Applying the IEP Team Decision-Making Flow Chart to a Case Study
Appendix 3–C. Discussion of Sarah’s IEP and Alignment to Common Core State Standards
Appendix 3–D. Collaborative Goal Example

Chapter 4. Speech-Language Service Delivery Formats Used in Public Schools: Intervention Approaches
Related Vocabulary
Selecting Program Formats
Self-Contained Program Model
Receding Schedule Model
Blast or Burst Schedule Model
Resource Room Model
Block Schedule Model
Consultation Model
Team Teaching Model
Station Teaching Model
Parallel Teaching Model
Prevention Model
Cooperative Learning Team Model
Teaming for Reading Model
Pull-Out Program Model
Diversified Role Model
Computer-Assisted Learning Model
Telepractice Model
Video Modeling
Multimodal Communication Model
Teaming with Multilingual Programs
Selecting the Intervention Approach
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 5. Evidence-Based Practice
Related Vocabulary
“Credible Evidence” and “Scientifically Based”: What Do These Terms Mean?

Threats to Internal Validity
Threat to External Validity

Criteria for Evaluating the Quality of the Reasoning
Ranking the Quality of the Evidence
ASHA Initiative
ASHA Framework for Assessing Levels of Evidence

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4

“Evidence-Based” Is More Than Literature Reviews
When Is It Advantageous to Examine Levels of Evidence?
State of the Art
Specific Evidence of What Works in Speech-Language Intervention

Phonology Intervention

General Recommendations

Language Intervention

General Recommendations

Social Aspects of Communication in Autism Spectrum Disorders

General Recommendations

Fluency Remediation

General Recommendations

Voice Therapy

General Recommendations

Hearing Loss Treatment

General Recommendations

Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology
Pediatric Swallowing and Feeding Disorders (Dysphagia)

General Recommendations

General Clinical Strategies

Questions for Application and Review
Appendix 5–A. Useful Web-Based Resources

Chapter 6. Strategies for Fostering Positive Student Behaviors and Conflict Resolution
Related Vocabulary
Prior, Proper Planning, and Proactive Strategies
Creating a Culture of Community
The Adverse Affects of Bullying on School Community and School Climate
Approaches to Discipline and How to Impact School Culture

Positive Student Confrontation
Family Intervention
Comprehensive Social Contract
Cognitive Behavior Modification
Role Reversal
Using Older Students as Resources
Physical Considerations

Effective Conflict Resolution to Use with Adults

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Step 7
Step 8

Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 7. Cultural and Linguistic Competencies: Assessment and Intervention
Related Vocabulary
Interview and Case History
Considerations for Bilingual Students and Families
Working with Interpreters and Translators
Assessment Tools
Approaches to Assessment

Communication Delay
Communication Difference
Communication Disorder

Approaches to Treatment
Cultural Considerations Related to Intervention
Cultural Competence Related to Curriculum Content and Intervention
Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 8. Conferencing, Counseling, and Creating a Sense of Community
Related Vocabulary
Creating a Positive First Contact
Tips and Techniques for Parent-Teacher Conferences and Individualized Education Program Meetings

Introductory Conference
Reporting Conference
Information-Gathering Conference
Problem-Solving Conference
Parents Who May Be “Advice Shopping”
Parents Who May Be Reluctant
Parents Who May Be Seeking a Listening Post
Parents Who Appear to Be Angry
Parents Who Make an Unscheduled Drop-in Visit
Other Considerations in Parent-Teacher Conferences
Types of Questions

Student Records and Confidentiality
Tips and Techniques for Personal Adjustment Counseling

Stage I: Let the Student’s Story Unfold
Stage II: Engage in Active Problem-Solving
Stage III: Take New Actions

Questions for Application and Review

Chapter 9. Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory (OL-CSI): An Authentic Assessment Approach for School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists
Related Vocabulary
Appendix 9–A. Oral Language Curriculum Standards Inventory (OL-CSI)

Chapter 10. Aligning Literacy, State Standards, and School-Based Speech-Language Pathology Services
Accommodations and Resources for Students with Special Education Needs
An Integrated Model of Literacy Through the CCSS
The Role of the Speech-Language Pathologist with Respect to Vocabulary Development, Language, and Literacy
Recommended Evidence-Based Service Delivery Formats and Clinical Strategies
Case Study

Sight Words or High-Frequency Words
Phrasal Verbs
General Academic Vocabulary
Useful Words
Vocabulary for the Common Core
Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing Vocabulary

Fostering Deeper Processing and Higher-Order Thinking Skills
The Importance of Teaching Syntax and Morphology
An Effective Speech Language-Pathologist Program Aligns Language, Literacy, and the Common Core State Standards

Case Study

Alignment to the Common Core State Standards
How the Program Unfolded
How the Home Carryover Program Worked
How Progress Was Measured

How to Support an Older Student Who Is Functioning at a First-Grade Level
How Universal Design for Learning Connects to the CCSS
The Impact of the Opioid Crisis on Language and Literacy Development
Questions for Application and Review


Trici Schraeder

Patricia (Trici) Schraeder, MS, CCC-SLP received her BA and MS degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She completed her Clinical Fellowship for her Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) in medical settings in 1975-76; worked as a school-based speech-language pathologist for 14 years in Wisconsin public schools; and has held a teaching appointment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison since 1989. Trici is a past Vice President of School Services for the Wisconsin Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Professional Association (WSHA-P); was a recipient of the WSHA 2002 Outstanding Service Award; was the first appointed Wisconsin State Education Advocacy Leader (SEAL); and is a four-time recipient of an Award for Continuing Education (ACE) from ASHA. Trici served on the ASHA ad hoc committee that created the Position Statement, Technical Report, Guidelines, Implementation Guide, and Teleweb/CD Seminar related to the workload analysis approach to caseload standards in public schools. Trici also served as the chair of the ASHA ad hoc committee that created the professional performance review process for the school-based speech-language pathologist. Trici has served on several Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction ad hoc professional committees and has been a speaker at numerous state and national conventions including ASHA conventions in Seattle, Washington D. C., New Orleans, Chicago, Atlanta, and Miami. She served a three-year term as an editorial consultant for the journal of Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools. Her research has been published in numerous peer-reviewed journals including the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Seminars in Speech and Language, Texas Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology, and Exceptionality Education Canada. Trici has a daughter, Juliet, who was born in 1975, a son, Jeremy, who was born in 1978 and a daughter-in-law, Carrie, who married Jeremy in 2007. Trici enjoys the pastoral beauty of rural southwestern Wisconsin with her husband, Tom, whom she married in 1971.

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Courtney Seidel

Courtney Seidel, MS, CCC-SLP, received her BS and MS degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She completed her Clinical Fellowship for her Certification of Clinical Competence from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) in a school setting in 2005-2006, worked as a school-based speech-language pathologist and diagnostician for 10 years in Wisconsin public-schools, and has held a teaching appointment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison since 2015. Courtney maintains a private practice; has served as an expert witness in Wisconsin court cases; has offered numerous invited and reviewed presentations at state and national conferences; has served as a professional consultant for Wisconsin school districts; was selected as the Wisconsin Speech-Language Pathologist of the Year; and has acquired the ASHA ACE Award for continuing education. She serves on the ReachDane Programs and Education Committee (which benefits preschoolers from low socioeconomic populations) and collaborates with Mansfield Hall’s innovative support program (for college students with autism and/or learning disabilities). Courtney is the co-author of “Best Practice in Special Education: Teaching Students with Communication Disorders.” With her husband, Mike, and son, Jack, Courtney enjoys the variety of events available in the vibrant city of Madison, Wisconsin.

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A Guide to School Services in Speech-Language Pathology, Fifth Edition comes with access to supplementary student and instructor resources on a PluralPlus companion website.

The companion website is located at: https://www.pluralpublishing.com/publication/gssslp5e


The student resources include downloadable forms, checklists, and user-friendly tools.

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ISBN13: 978-1-63550-021-9

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