Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders: The Scientific Basis of Clinical Practice

First Edition

Gary Weismer, David K. Brown

Details: 390 pages, Full Color, Softcover, 8.5"x11"

ISBN13: 978-1-59756-297-3

© 2021 | Coming Soon

Release Date: 12/16/2019

For Instructors

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Price: $109.95

Available for purchase starting 11/18/2019

Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders: The Scientific Basis of Clinical Practice is designed for undergraduate students who are taking a first course in the discipline of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD). The textbook presents students with the range of communication impairments in society, the consequences of those impairments for the persons who have them as well as for their family members, and the treatments that are available to lessen or remediate the effects of the disorders.

The text is organized into three sections on Language, Speech, and Hearing. Each chapter is concise and written to convey the core information for each topic. The material is presented in a way that maintains the interest of the student through expository clarity and brevity in a course that treats so many different facets of a complex discipline. The textbook also serves the needs of the instructor by organizing the material in a teachable way.

Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders emphasizes the scientific basis of the field by presenting specific clinical examples to demonstrate the translation of laboratory science to clinical aspects of speech, language, and hearing disorders. Students will leave the course a good deal more knowledgeable and sensitive about what it means to be communicatively impaired in contemporary society.

Key Features

  • Consistency of presentation across chapters as well as clearly-stated relationships between information in different chapters
  • Features beautiful original, full-color illustrations designed to be instructive learning tools
  • Each chapter begins with an introduction and ends with a summary to present and review key concepts
  • Modern and up-to-date treatment options written for the needs of the field of communication sciences and disorders
  • Covers the core essentials of the subject concisely and to the point
  • Structured to aid the instructor with sections easily assimilated into extant lectures
  • A PluralPlus companion website with ancillary resources for instructors and students

Preface

Acknowledgments

Reviewers

 

Chapter 1. Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders

Introduction: Communication Sciences and Disorders as a Discipline

Communication Sciences and Disorders: The Whole is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts

An Interdisciplinary Field

Translational Research

Does the Basic Science Work? Does the Clinic Work?

Evidence Based Practice

A Typical Undergraduate Curriculum

Who are the Professionals in Communication Sciences and Disorders?

            Preparation for, and the Profession of, Speech-Language Pathology

Preparation for, and the Profession of, Audiology

Order of Chapters in the Text

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 2. The Nervous System: Language, Speech, and Hearing Structures and Processes

Introduction

Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems

            The Neuron

The Synapse

Tour of Gross Neuroanatomy

            Frontal Lobe

Occipital Lobe

Temporal Lobe

Parietal Lobe

Hidden Cortex

Subcortical Nuclei

Brain Stem, Cerebellum, and Spinal Cord

The Auditory Pathways

The Dominant Hemisphere and the Perisylvian Language Areas

            Arcuate Fasciculus (Dorsal Stream) and Ventral Stream

Functional Magnetic Resonance imaging (fMRI) and Speech and Language Brain Activity

            Functional MRI (fMRI)

Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 3. Language Science

Introduction

What is Language?

            Language: A Conventional System

Language: A Dynamic System

Language is Generative

Language Uses Mental Representations

Language is Localized in the Brain

Components of Language

Form

Social Use of Language (Pragmatics)

Language and Cognitive Processes

            Why

How

When

How do We Know the “How”?

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 4. Communication in a Multicultural Society

Introduction

Why It Matters

Accent, Dialect, and Culture

Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 5. Preverbal Foundations of Speech and Language Development

Introduction

Some Preparatory Notes on Developmental Chronologies

            0-3 Months: Production

            0-3 Months: Perception and Comprehension

3-8 Months: Production

3-8 Months: Perception and Comprehension

8-12 Months: Production

8-12 Months: Perception and Comprehension

Gesture and Preverbal Language Development

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 6. Typical Language Development

Introduction

            12-18 Months

18-24 Months

Three Years (36 Months)

Multiword Utterances, Grammatical Morphology

Expanding Utterance Length: A Measure of Linguistic Sophistication

Grammatical Morphology

Typical Language Development in School Years

Metalinguistic Skills

Pragmatic Skill: Discourse

Complex Sentences

Sample Transcript

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 7. Pediatric Language Disorders I

Introduction

Specific Language Impairment/Developmental Language Disorder

            Language Characteristics of Children with SLI/DLD

Summary of the Language Disorder in SLI/DLD

Theories of SLI/DLD: What Causes the Disorder?

            The Role of Genetics in SLI/DLD

Language Delay and Autism Spectrum Disorder

            Language Characteristics in ASD

Language Delay and Hearing Impairment

            Epidemiology of Hearing Loss

Language Characteristics in Hearing Impairment

Speech and Language Development and Hearing Impairment

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 8. Pediatric Language Disorders II

Introduction

Criteria for a Diagnosis of Intellectual Disability

            Down Syndrome (DS): General Characteristics

Epidemiology and the DS Phenotype

Language Characteristics in DS

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS): General Characteristics

Epidemiology of FXS

Language Characteristics in FXS

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 9. Language Disorders in Adults

Introduction

Review of Concepts for Brain Speech Structure and Function for Speech, Language and Hearing

            Cerebral Hemispheres

Lateralization of Speech and Language Functions

Language Expression and Comprehension are Represented in Different Cortical Regions of the Left Hemisphere

Connections Between Different Regions of the Brain

Perisylvian Speech and Language Areas of the Brain

Adult Language Disorders: Aphasia

Classification of Aphasia

Aphasia Due to Stroke: A Summary

Traumatic Brain Injury and Aphasia

Nature of Brain Injury in TBI

Language Impairment in TBI

Dementia

            Brain Pathology in Dementia

Language Disorders in Dementia

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 10. Speech Science I

Introduction

The Speech Mechanism: A Three-Component Description

Respiratory System Component (Power Supply for Speech): Functional Anatomy and Physiology

The Chest Wall and Vegetative Breathing

Speech Breathing

Clinical Applications: An Example

The Larynx (Sound Source for Speech): Functional Anatomy and Physiology

            Laryngeal Cartilages

Laryngeal Muscles and Membranes

Phonation

Clinical Applications: An Example

Upper Airway (Shaper of Speech Sounds): Functional Anatomy and Physiology

            Muscles of the Vocal Tract

Vocal Tract Shape and Vocalic Production

Velopharyngeal Mechanism

Valving in the Vocal Tract and the Formation of Speech Sounds

Voicing Contrasts for Consonants

Coarticulation

Clinical Applications: An Example

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 11. Speech Science II

Introduction

The Theory of Speech Acoustics

            The Sound Source

The Sound Filter

Vowel Sounds Result from the Combination of Source and Filter Acoustics

Resonant Frequencies of Vowels are Called Formants: Spectrograms

The Tube Model of Human Vocal Tract Makes Interesting Predictions and Suggests Interesting Problems

A Spectrogram Shows Formant Frequencies and Much More

Speech Synthesis

Speech Recognition

Speech Acoustics and Assistive Listening Devices

Speech Perception

            The Perception of Speech: Special Mechanisms?

            The Perception of Speech: Auditory Theories

Motor Theory and Auditory Theory: A Summary

Top-Down Influences: It’s Not All About Speech Sounds

Speech Intelligibility

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 12. Phonetics

Introduction

International Phonetic Alphabet

            Vowels and their Phonetic Symbols

            Consonants and their Phonetic Symbols

Clinical Implications of Phonetic Transcription

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 13. Typical Phonological Development

Introduction

            Phonetic and Phonological Development: General Considerations

Phonetic and Phonological Development

            Phonetic Development

            Phonological Development

Typical Speech Sound Development

            Determination of Speech Sound Mastery in Typically-Developing Children

Possible Explanations for the Typical Sequence of Speech Sound Mastery

Phonological Processes and Speech Sound Development

Phonological Development and Word Learning

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 14. Motor Speech Disorders in Adults

Introduction

Classification of Motor Speech Disorders

            Dysarthria

Subtypes of Dysarthria

The Mayo Clinic Classification System for Motor Speech Disorders

The Dysarthrias: A Summary

Apraxia of Speech

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 15. Pediatric Speech Disorders I

Introduction

Speech Delay

            Diagnosis of Speech Delay

            Quantitative Measures of Speech Delay and Speech Intelligibility

            Speech Delay: Phonetic, Phonological, or Both?

Additional Considerations in Speech Delay and Residual and Persistent Speech Sound Errors

Speech Delay and Genetics

Childhood Apraxia of Speech

            CAS Compared with Adult Apraxia of Speech

            CAS: Prevalence and General Characteristics

            CAS: Speech Characteristics

            CAS and Overlap with Other Developmental Delays

            CAS and Genetics

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 16. Pediatric Speech Disorders II

Introduction

Childhood Motor Speech Disorders: Cerebral Palsy

Types of Cerebral Palsy

Dysarthria in Cerebral Palsy

Childhood Motor Speech Disorders: Traumatic Brain Injury and Tumors

            Traumatic Brain Injury

Brain Tumors

Treatment Options and Considerations

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 17. Fluency Disorders

Introduction

Incidence and Prevalence of Stuttering

Genetic Studies

Diagnosis of Developmental Stuttering

The Natural History of Developmental Stuttering

            Stage I: Typical Dysfluencies

Stage II: Borderline Stuttering

Stage III: Beginning Stuttering

Stage IV: Intermediate Stuttering

Stage V: Advanced Stuttering

Recovery of Fluency

Possible Causes of Stuttering

            Psychogenic Theories

Learning Theories

Biological Theories

Acquired (Neurogenic) Stuttering

            Symptoms of Neurogenic Stuttering Compared with Developmental Stuttering

Treatment Considerations

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 18. Voice Disorders

Introduction

Epidemiology of Voice Disorders

Initial Steps in the Diagnosis of Voice Disorders

            Case History

Perceptual Evaluation of the Voice

Viewing the Vocal Folds

Measurement of Basic Voice Parameters

Classification/Types of Voice Disorders

            The Hypo-Hyperfunction Continuum

Phonotrauma

Organic Voice Disorders

Functional Voice Disorders

Neurological Voice Disorders

Pediatric Voice Disorders

            Prevalence of Childhood Voice Disorders

            Types of Childhood Voice Disorders

            Treatment of Childhood Voice Disorders

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 19. Craniofacial Anomalies

Introduction

Definition and Origins of Craniofacial Anomalies

            Embryological Development of the Upper Lip and Associated Structures

            Embryological Errors and Clefting: Clefts of the Lip

            Embryological Errors and Clefting: Clefts of the Palate

            Cleft Lip with or Without a Cleft Palate; Cleft Palate Only (Isolated Cleft Palate)

Epidemiology of Clefting

Speech Production in CL/P and CP

            Diagnosis of VPI

            VPI and Hypernasality

            VPI, Consonant Articulation, and Speech Intelligibility

            Clefting and Syndromes

Cleft Palate: Other Considerations

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 20. Swallowing

Introduction

Anatomy of Swallowing

            Esophagus

            Stomach

The Act of Swallowing

            Oral Preparatory Phase

Oral Transport Phase

Pharyngeal Phase

Esophageal Phase

Overlap of Phases

Breathing and Swallowing

Nervous System Control of Swallowing

            Role of the Peripheral Nervous System

            Role of the Central Nervous System

Variables That Influence Swallowing

            Bolus Characteristics

            Development

            Age

Measurement and Analysis of Swallowing

            Videofluoroscopy

            Endoscopy

            Client Self-Report

Health Care Team for Individuals with Swallowing Disorders

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 21. Hearing Science I: Acoustics and Psychoacoustics

Introduction

Oscillation

            Waveform

Spectrum

Waveform and Spectrum

Resonance

Psychoacoustics

            Pitch

Loudness

Sound Quality

Chapter Summary

 

Chapter 22. Hearing Science II: Anatomy and Physiology

Introduction

Temporal Bone

Peripheral Anatomy of the Ear

            Outer Ear (Conductive Mechanism)

Middle Ear

Inner Ear (Sensorineural Mechanism)

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 23. Diseases of the Auditory System and Diagnostic Audiology

Introduction

Hearing Evaluation

            Case History

            Otoscopy

            Immittance

            Tympanometry

Acoustic Reflex Thresholds (ART)

Audiometric Testing

Physiological Responses

Vestibular Assessment

Audiometric Results

            Type, Degree and Configuration of Loss

            Hearing and Balance Disorders

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 24. Assistive Listening Devices

Introduction

Hearing Aids

            Steps in Selecting and Fitting a Hearing Aid

            Types of Hearing Aids

Hearing Aid Components

Auditory Implantable Devices

            Bone-Anchored Implant (BAI)

            Middle Ear Implant (MEI)

            Cochlear Implant (CI)

Chapter Summary

References

 

Chapter 25. Aural Habilitation and Rehabilitation

Introduction

Aural Habilitation

            Assessment of Pediatric Communication Needs

            Pediatric Intervention

            Components of a Family-Centered Intervention

            Auditory Training

            Communication Options

            Outcome Measures for Pediatrics

Aural Rehabilitation

            Introduction to Aural Rehabilitation (AR)

            Assessment of Communication Needs in Adults

            Intervention

            Speechreading

            Adult Outcome Measures

Group Aural Rehabilitation

Chapter Summary

References

 

Index

Gary Weismer

Gary Weismer, PhD, is Oros-Bascom Professor Emeritus in the Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the Pennsylvania State University and his doctorate from University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1975. Dr. Weismer's research publications concern speech production in healthy talkers, as well as speech production and intelligibility phenomena in persons with motor speech disorders. Dr. Weismer served twice as Associate Editor for the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (formerly the Journal of Speech and Hearing Research), as Associate Editor at Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica (FPL) from 1994 to 2011, and as Editor-in-Chief at FPL from 2011 to 2016. During his 35 years at University of Wisconsin-Madison, Dr. Weismer won several teaching awards, including for mentoring efforts in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Honors program. Dr. Weismer mentored 16 doctoral students during his career, many of whom are currently scientific leaders and university administrators. He is a past member of the Executive Board of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, a fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, and past chair of his department. His research was supported by National Institutes of Health for more than 25 years.

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David K. Brown

David K. Brown, PhD, has been Professor in the School of Audiology at Pacific University since it enrolled its first students in 2012. He is also the Director of the Audiology Simulation Lab (SIMLab) at Pacific. Previously, he was Director of Audiological Research for Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Assistant Professor in the Departments of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences and Disorders, where he is still an adjunct professor. For over 30 years, he has been a licensed and certified audiologist specializing in pediatrics. He teaches in the areas of acoustics, anatomy and physiology, cochlear implants, evoked potentials, otoacoustic emissions, pediatrics, and research fundamentals.

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Purchase of Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders: The Scientific Basis of Clinical Practice comes with access to supplementary student and instructor materials on a PluralPlus companion website.

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To access the student materials, you must register the access code printed on the inside front cover of your book on the companion website

INSTRUCTORS:

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            Tel: 866-758-7251 (toll free) or 858-492-1555

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